Dr. Partha Pratim Bishnu

Director Neurosciences & Senior Consultant Neurosurgeon Graphic Era Hospital and Graphic Era Institute of Medical Sciences (GEIMS), Uttarakhand

Neurosurgery in Dehradun, Uttarakhand

MBBS, M.S., M.Ch (Neurosurgery)

Dr. Partha Pratim Bishnu


Definition - Neurosurgery is the surgical specialty that deals with the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. Surgery may be necessary due to a birth defect, traumatic injury, cancer or other reasons.

Subspecialties include pediatric neurosurgery and oncology, specializing in brain tumors and other tumors of the nervous system.

Neurosurgery is the surgical discipline focused on treating those central, peripheral nervous system and spinal column diseases amenable to mechanical intervention. "Brain surgery" is commonly used, much like rocket science, to refer to a task requiring significant knowledge and skill.

The surgical specialty involved in the treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. It provides surgical repair and treatment of nervous system disorders. Conditions treated include brain and spinal cord tumors, aneurysms (bulge at a weak point of an artery), bleeding inside the skull, some birth defects like hydrocephalus and spina befida, epilepsy and nerve damage due to injury .

Modern neurosurgery has benefited greatly from advances in computer assisted imaging (computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emisson tomography (PET), magnetoencephalography (MEG)) and the development of stereotactic surgery. Some neurosurgical procedures even involve the use of MRI and functional MRI intraoperatively. As one of the most research-oriented specialties of medicine, the scope of neurosurgery has expanded as new diagnostic techniques allow surgeons to perform more complicated surgeries. Some of the most recent and innovative advances have been radiosurgery using the gamma knife for tumor treatment and endovascular surgery for the clipping of aneurysms. Neurosurgical conditions include primarily brain, spinal cord, vertebral column and peripheral nerve disorders.Conditions treated by neurosurgeons include:


Minimal Access Using Microscopic – Endosopic Techniques (MED) has given excellent results for Treating Discogenic Low Back Pain

  Head Trauma (Brain Hemorrhage)

  Spinal Disc Herniation

  Spinal Stenosis


  Spinal Cord Trauma

  Brain Tumors

  Tumours of the Spine, Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nerves

  Cerebral Aneurysms

  Stroke, Including Hemorrhagic Stroke and Ischemic Stroke

  Intracerebral Hemorrhage, , Intraparenchymal, and Intraventricular Hemorrhage

  Some Forms of Intractable Epilepsy

  Traumatic Injuries of Peripheral Nerves

  Some Forms of Movement Disorders (Advanced Parkinson's Disease, Chorea) – this involves the use of specially developed Minimally Invasive Stereotactic Techniques (Functional, Stereotactic Neurosurgery) such as ablative Surgery and Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery

  Intractable Pain of Cancer or Trauma Patients and Cranial/Peripheral Nerve Pain

  Some Forms of Intractable Psychiatric Disorders

  Congenital Malformations of the Nervous System

  Cerebra; Revascularisation Procedures

  Vascular Malformations (I.E., Arteriovenous Malformations, Venous Angiomas, Cavernous Angiomas, Capillary Telangectasias) of the Brain and Spinal Cord

  Peripheral Neuropathies Such As Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Ulnar Neuropathy

  Moyamoya Disease

  Congenital Malformations Of The Nervous System, Including Spina Bifida And Craniosynostosis


Disc Replacement Surgery for Cervical Disc Prolapse


Microsurgical Techniques using state of the art Microscope remains gold standard for Brain and Spine Surgery


Neuronavigation Based Microsurgery is now the main tool for Minimal Access Surgery of the Brain and Spine